sea breeze effect on pollutant levels in coastal New England by Donald Francis Elias

Cover of: sea breeze effect on pollutant levels in coastal New England | Donald Francis Elias

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Subjects:

  • Sea breeze.,
  • Ocean-atmosphere interaction.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Donald Francis Elias.
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 70 l. :
Number of Pages70
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16725088M

Download sea breeze effect on pollutant levels in coastal New England

Air pollution episodes in northern New England often are caused by transport of pollutants over water. Two such episodes in the summer of are examined (22–23 July and 11–14 August). In both cases, the pollutants that affected coastal New Hampshire and coastal southwest Maine were transported over coastal waters in stable layers at the Cited by: 1.

INTRODUCTION [2] The sea breeze is a local circulation that occurs at coastal locations throughout the world [Masselink and Pattiaratchi, ]. (Italicized terms are defined in the glossary, after the main text.)It has been observed from polar regions to the equator.

The sea breeze can provide relief from oppressive hot weather, trigger thunderstorms, provide moisture for fog and may Cited by: the sea breeze. This paper will fill that need, focusing on sea breeze forcing mechanisms, structure, life cycle, forecasting, and the ways in which the sea breeze im-pacts local air quality.

The glossary contains key terms, and the notation list defines symbols used in this paper. ANCIENT HISTORY [6] Given their dependence on the wind and Cited by: In this paper, air pollutants concentrations are analyzed during two sea breeze days (18 July and 17 September ) at the Mediterranean sea, just in front of Sousse (35° 48′ N, 10° Coastal Mediterranean mountain sea-breeze effects Fi gure 4.

Days with sea breeze in both Portinho and Antenas. Temperature (T), relative humidity (HU), wind speed (W) and direction (arrows).

The dashed columns show sea breeze conditions. Times are shown in UTC. accompanied by a slight decrease in tem-perature and increase in relative humidityCited by: 2. The results reveal a strong anomalous westerly sea breeze toward the eastern coast of the PRD in the early afternoon that is present in all the four seasons but is particularly strong in autumn.

The aims of this paper are to investigate the characteristics of the sea breeze that is developing in Volos area, a medium sized coastal city in central Greece, and to study the influence of sea breeze on concentration levels of ozone and PM10, during the period – Titus, James G.

Greenhouse effect and coastal wetland policy: How Americans could abandon an area the size of Massachusetts. Environmental Management. Titus, James G.

Greenhouse effect, sea level rise and land use. Land Use Policy 7(2) USEPA. The Quality of. Summary - Coastal Pollution Sites {Significant level of detail is associated with NPL sites and potentially affected marine species {Most New England states provide site locations, however they are not easily distinguishable as coastal sites and rarely identify species of concern.

Not only sea pollution or ocean pollution, coastal pollution also has occurred on almost all beaches that become tourist the characteristics of coastal pollution that we can see immediately is the amount of garbage scattered along the coast. Another characteristic of polluted coasts is the presence of oil spills and disruption of the balance of coastal ecosystems.

Sea animals often eat microplastics because of their small size. And plastic contains toxic chemicals, which can increase the chance of disease and affect reproduction.

After ingesting microplastics, seals, and other animals, may suffer for months or years before they die. Rising sea levels will claim homes, roads and fields around the coast of England, the government’s official advisers have warned, and many people are unaware of the risks they face.

A sea breeze describes a wind that blows from the ocean inland towards land. This breeze occurs most often in the spring and summer months because of the greater temperature differences between the ocean and nearby land, particularly in the afternoon when the land is at maximum heating from the sun.

What is still being debated is the effect of the influx of fresh water. Nevertheless, the warming water is creating a “traffic-jam scenario” in ocean circulation.

The slowdown causes offshore sea levels, which are higher than coastal sea levels, to flatten and. But there is another reason sea levels rise. Water expands as it gets warmer so as the temperature of the sea goes up, the ocean expands.

In years, experts say the global sea level. This rising air over the land lowers the sea level pressure by about %. The cooler air above the sea, now with higher sea level pressure, flows towards the land into the lower pressure, creating a cooler breeze near the coast. The strength of the sea breeze is directly proportional to the temperature difference between the land mass and the sea.

There are many effects of sea and land breeze on the environment such as pollution dispersion or accumulation and fog distribution (Lyons, ). Above all, the most dangerous effect of sea and land breeze is the accumulation of sulfate in the coastal areas as a result of sea breeze and land breeze circulation systems.

The “ Sea Breeze” which flows inland at the coastline on sunny days is caused by the temperature difference between the hot land and the cool sea. Thi diff i d i h d dThis difference increases during the day and produces a pressure difference at low levels in the atmosphere which causes the lowatmosphere, which causes the low-level sealevel.

coastal areas. The daytime sea breeze and the nighttime land breeze limit the ventilation of air masses and recirculate contaminants, and implies that air pollutants will be partially recirculated over the shoreline, accumulating in levels of pollution higher than would otherwise be expected.

This paper indicates that sea breezes. Large parts of Devon and thousands of homes could be underwater byaccording to a new report. An interactive map based on new sea level research shows that. “Relative sea level change” refers to the height of the ocean relative to the land at a particular location.

As relative sea level rises due to climate change (see the Sea Level indicator), one of the most noticeable consequences is an increase in coastal flooding. Flooding typically occurs during seasonal high tides (“king tides”) and. Md R.B. Abas, S. Mohamad, in Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Photochemical Smog.

The presence of VOCs in the atmosphere plays an important role in the formation of ground level ozone, photochemical oxidants, and smog episodes; and they are harmful to the the sunlight, VOCs react with nitrogen oxides emitted mainly from vehicles, power plants, and industrial activities.

A night time wind can be weakened ore even reversed by the sea breeze. In the “Vent Solaire”. the sea breeze first veers then, in the late afternoon dies away. The offshore wind strengthens due to the land breeze effect. Topographic effects. A very well known example of the sea breeze being affected by topography is around the Isle of Wight.

This new edition of Mark Z. Jacobson's textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the history and science of the major air pollution and climate problems that face the world today, as well as the energy and policy solutions to those problems.

Every chapter has been brought completely up to date with new data, figures and text. Global warming - Global warming - Ice melt and sea level rise: A warming climate holds important implications for other aspects of the global environment.

Because of the slow process of heat diffusion in water, the world’s oceans are likely to continue to warm for several centuries in response to increases in greenhouse concentrations that have taken place so far. The Effects of Sea Level Rise Program (ESLR) is a NOS program that specifically provides a suite of science products to inform coastal managers of local coastal vulnerability and solutions to mitigate flood risk.

The program was formerly known as the Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise Program (EESLR). Black line shows effects of aerosol pollution on sea level change weakened around Source: Slangen et al., “Anthropogenic forcing dominates global mean sea-level.

Land Breeze vs Sea Breeze: Comparison table Summary of Land Breeze vs Sea Breeze. Both breezes occur near coastal areas. Land and Sea breezes affect precipitation rates, humidity levels, and atmospheric temperature.

Land breezes come from land while sea breezes come from the ocean or other large bodies of water. PROVIDENCE — Just a few years ago, the upper estimate for sea-level rise was 3 feet.

More recently, it was feet. But a recent assessment by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration projects sea-level rise to increase in Rhode Island by 9 feet, 10 inches by   The researchers found one silver lining in their analyses: Curious as to whether past regulations on pollutants have had a significant effect on sea-level rise, the team focused on perhaps the most successful global remediation effort to date — the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty ratified by countries inthat effectively.

A new sea-level rise and coastal flood mapping tool for New England illustrates in stark detail the economic risks facing the region as sea levels.

Groundwater in coastal regions of the US is particularly at risk due to a combination of changes in precipitation, withdrawal rates, and sea level rise. As changes in precipitation and rises in sea level continue, the occurrence of saltwater infiltrating groundwater resources may increase and reduce the availability of freshwater for coastal.

I highlighted air pollution and resulting sea level rise because it’s one of the most important issues of our time, and educators are in a position to help by teaching children these scientific principles. I used the 5Es for this lesson series spread over two weeks, as recommended by.

The effect on sea levels is compounded by the fact that seawater expands with rising temperatures. Currently, sea levels are rising at a rate of roughly 3 millimeters per year. Sea level rise is an increase in the height of the ocean surface relative to land.

Several factors can affect the height of the ocean surface: the amount of water in the ocean basins in the form of liquid water and ice; the temperature, and therefore the density and volume, of ocean water; and tectonic factors that affect the shape of ocean basins.

On average, the weather and cloud effects of land and sea breezes dissipate mi ( km) inland from the coast. Land and sea breeze patterns can influence fog distribution and pollution accumulation or dispersion over inland areas.

A new study suggests that bysea-level rise will affect the homes of million people worldwide. According to Climate Central, a non-profit environmental organization led by scientists and journalists, global sea levels will rise between two and seven feet or more.

levels through the combined effects of local and transported pollution. Ozone moving over water is, like ozone aloft, isolated from destructive forces. When ozone gets transported into coastal regions by bay, lake, and sea breezes arising from afternoon temperature contrasts between the land and water, it can arrive highly concentrated.

Before I proceed, I should advise any new readers that I purposefully avoid taking sides politically in my messages about sea level rise and climate change. While that frustrates some, I have held that non-partisan policy since I began this blog post in and started to write my book, “ High Tide on Main Street: Rising Sea Level and the.

Stephen McKenna, Cape and Islands regional coordinator of Massachusetts Coastal Zone Management, believes that the time frame for sea-level rise will be sooner than years. “Much sooner,” he said.

Southern New England will see an above-average impact from sea level rise because the land beneath our feet is sinking. Marine pollution occurs when harmful effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive percent of marine pollution comes from land.

Air pollution is also a contributing factor by carrying off iron, carbonic acid, nitrogen, silicon, sulfur, pesticides or dust particles into the.Human activities are threatening the health of the world's oceans. More than 80 percent of marine pollution comes from land-based activities.

From coral bleaching to sea level rise, entire marine.Another important application of coastal meteorology is the prediction of pollutant dispersal.

Our study covered issues relevant to the coastal environment. The highly variable winds near the coast may sweep pollutants out to sea on a land breeze but then bring them back with the sea breeze.

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